Tuberculosis (1860-1960) - Slovenia’s Golnik Sanatorium and TB in Central Europe

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Zvonka Zupanic slavec - Tuberculosis (1860-1960) - Slovenia’s Golnik Sanatorium and TB in Central Europe.
This book is an epic story of the efforts by conscientious Slovenian and international communities, public healthcare, and healthcare policy to prevent... Lire la suite
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Résumé

This book is an epic story of the efforts by conscientious Slovenian and international communities, public healthcare, and healthcare policy to prevent the illness and death engendered by tuberculosis. It is a universal account of the socioeconomic disease of tuberculosis in the second half of the nineteenth century and in the twentieth century, up to the discovery of the successful combination of anti-tuberculosis medicines in the 1950s that relegated tuberculosis to the margins of medicine in the developed world.
The book is based on an analysis of the Slovenian tuberculosis sanatorium at Golnik, which set the foundations for a uniform doctrine of treating and containing (especially pulmonary) tuberculosis among the twenty million people living in Yugoslavia at that time. The Slovenian struggle against tuberculosis in this period is also contextualized through comparison with similar overviews for Austria, Italy, and Croatia.
This work also synthesizes the dynamics of this socioeconomic disease, which is not only combated by the effectiveness of medical treatment, but also depends on social, economic, political, and numerous other factors that currently contribute to the spread of other socioeconomic diseases. The anti-tuberculosis struggle in Slovenia is also contextualized within two different political systems. Following the First World War, elements of Austro-Hungarian healthcare came to the forefront due to Slovenia's several centuries as part of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy.
At that time socialized medicine also began to be introduced in the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Its originator was Andrija Štampar, who introduced measures to make healthcare more universally accessible. Štampar established the idea that the community must take care of every citizen and especially work towards disease prevention. Preventive measures including patient quarantines, residential sanitation, outpatient and home-care monitoring of infected people, and patient education significantly reduced tuberculosis morbidity and mortality even before effective antibiotics were discovered.
After 1945, a publicly funded healthcare system was introduced in Yugoslavia, which supported mass healthcare campaigns against tuberculosis. Starting in 1946, rights to state-funded medical treatment and rehabilitation were regulated by social security laws. During the 1960s, detecting tuberculosis in the field, mass preventive campaigns, and effective hospital treatment reduced Slovenia's tuberculosis rates close to those in more developed European countries.

Caractéristiques

  • Date de parution
    01/02/2011
  • Editeur
  • ISBN
    978-3-631-60634-6
  • EAN
    9783631606346
  • Nb. de pages
    168 pages

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À propos de l'auteur

Biographie de Zvonka Zupanic slavec

Zvonka Zupani ? Slavec, PhD, is a physician, medical historian, and professor of the history of medicine at the School of Medicine in Ljubljana. She has already written several other scholarly books on medicine, and her books have been published by the Slovenian Academy of Sciences and Arts Press as well as Springer Publishing. Zupani ? Slavec completed the bachelor's program in medicine in 1984 at the School of Medicine in Ljubljana, where she also earned a master's degree and a PhD, both in the interdisciplinary areas of social medicine and the history of medicine.
After working for some time at various healthcare institutions and at the Ljubljana Medical Center, in 1987 she accepted a position at the Institute for the History of Medicine at the University of Ljubljana's School of Medicine. She has led the institute since 1992, holds a professorship in the history of medicine, and lectures on the history of medicine and history of dentistry. Her technical, research, and journalism work addresses various areas, and especially focuses on the history of medicine in Slovenia in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, about which she writes scholarly articles and longer works on the history of medicine.
She also publishes extensively in technical journals and contributes to radio and television broadcasts. Her education has included postgraduate study in Vienna, Padua, Prague, London, and Seattle.

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