This review of Chile's urban policy finds that Chile has undergone significant transformation in the past three decades,
including growth in GDP, population levels and urbanisation. This growth has
been a key factor in Chile's success in reaching an improved quality of life.
However, Chile ranks lower than many other OECD member countries on a variety of
urban-related quality-of-life factors, such as income, housing, jobs and the
environment. Chile's urban and metropolitan development practices have
traditionally been sector-driven, and today the need for well-integrated
approaches to urbanism are increasingly recognised among urban policy makers.
This report examines the economic and socio-economic trends in Chile's urban
areas including population growth, and mounting inequality; it analyses four
policy areas with significant implications for national urban programming,
specifically land-use and zoning, housing, public transport, and the
environment; and it examines possible approaches for revitalising the urban
governance structure in metropolitan and urban areas, as well as mechanisms to
reinforce strategic planning and service-delivery capacity.