Tides. A scientific History (Broché)

David-Edgar Cartwright

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  • Cambridge University Press

  • Paru le : 01/02/2001
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Throughout history, the prediction of earth's tidal cycles has been extremely important. This book provides a history of the study of the tides over two millennia, from the primitive ideas of the Ancient Greeks to the present sophisticated geophysical techniques that require advanced computer and space technology. Tidal physics bas puzzled some of the world's greatest philosophers, scientists and mathematicians: amongst many others, Galileo, Descartes, Bacon, Kepler, Newton, Bernoulli, Euler, Laplace, Young, Whewell, Airy, Kelvin, G. Darwin, H. Lamb, have all contributed to our understanding of tides. The problem of predicting the astronomical tides of the oceans has now been, in essence, completely solved, and so it is a perfect time to reflect on how it was all done from the first vague ideas to the final results. The volume traces the development of the theory, observation and prediction of the tides, and is amply illustrated with diagrams from historical scientific papers, photographs of artifacts, and portraits of some of the subject's leading protagonists. The history of the tides is in part the history of a broad area of science, and the subject provides insight into the progress of science as a whole: this book will therefore appeal to all those interested in how scientific ideas develop. It will particularly interest those specialists in oceanography, hydrography, geophysics, geodesy, astronomy and navigation whose subjects involve tides.
    • Introduction - the overall pattern of enquiry
    • What moon maketh a full sea? Towards Newton
    • Newton and the Prize Essayists - the Equilibrium Theory
    • Measurement and empirical studies, 1650-1825
    • Laplace and 19th century hydrodynamics
    • Local analysis and prediction in the 19th century
    • Towards a map of cotidal lines
    • Tides of the geosphere - the birth of geophysics
    • Tidal researches between World Wars I and II
    • The impact of automatic computers, 1950-1980
    • The impact of instrument technology, 1960-1990
    • The impact of satellite technology, 1970-1995
    • Recent advances in miscellaneous topics, and final retrospect
  • Date de parution : 01/02/2001
  • Editeur : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN : 0-521-79746-2
  • EAN : 9780521797467
  • Présentation : Broché
  • Nb. de pages : 292 pages
  • Poids : 0.59 Kg
  • Dimensions : 17,5 cm × 25,0 cm × 1,2 cm

Biographie de David-Edgar Cartwright

After graduating in Natural Sciences at Cambridge University and in Mathematics at London University, David Cartwright worked from 1954 to 1973 as a researcher in Marine Physics at the then UK National Institute of Oceanography. His subjects were initially sea waves and the motion of ships, but later developed into tides, surges and variations in sea level. During a year at the Scripps Institute of Oceanography at La Jolla, California, he and Walter Munk revolutionized the whole concept of tidal spectroscopy and prediction, which later extended to the analysis of storm surges in sea level. He was appointed Assistant Director of the UK Institute of Oceanographic Sciences soon after its formation in 1973. Here, his team developed a pioneering programme of tide measurements in the Atlantic Ocean, from pressure variations on the ocean floor to topography of the ocean surface measured from satellites. On retirement from IOS in 1987, he accepted a Senior Research Associateship at the NASA-Goddard Space Flight Center in USA, where lie pursued his interest in satellite altimetry and where, with Richard Ray, he made the first near-complete mapping of the tides in the global ocean from the US Navy's Geosat spacecraft. He was also a leading figure over several years in the international scientific planning team for the highly successful Topex/Poseidon satellite, launched by the USA and France in 1992. While working at the leading edge of modern oceanic tide research, David Cartwright became increasingly aware of and interested in the long and neglected history of the science. On his retirement from NASA, he was in a unique position to write such a history: this book is the result.

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Tides. A scientific History
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