This volume discusses the role of humans in transforming the coastal landscape. The book details the many ways beaches and dunes are eliminated, altered and replaced and the differences between natural landforms and the human artifacts that replace them. A distinguishing feature of the book is the emphasis on the importance of retaining naturally functioning beaches and dunes in ways that achieve natural values white accommodating development and use. The issues dealt with in this monograph are important in coastal management. It will therefore be of interest to practicing coastal engineers and scientists working on applied research topics, as well as to planners and managers of coastal resources at all levels of government. The book will be of particular value to investigators planning for the future of coastal development under accelerated sea level rise. It will also be useful as a supplementary reference text for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in geography, geology, ecology and other disciplines dealing with issues in environmental management, environmental ethics and the interaction between science, technology and society.