MANTLE CONVECTION IN THE EARTH AND PLANETS is a comprehensive synthesis of all aspects of mantle convection within the Earth, the terrestrial planets, the Moon, and the Galilean satellites of Jupiter. Mantle convection sets the puce for the evolution of the Earth as a whole. It influences Earth's topography, gravitational field, geodynamo, climate system, cycles of glaciation, biological evolution, and formation of mineral and hydrocarbon resources. It is the primary mechanism for the transport of heat from the Earth's deep interior to its surface. Mantle convection is the fundamental cause of plate tectonics, formation and drift of continents, volcanism, earthquakes, and mountain building. This book provides both a connected overview and an in-depth analysis of the relationship between these phenomena and the process of mantle convection. Complex geodynamical processes are explained with simple mathematical models. The book includes up-to-date discussions of the latest research developments that have revolutionized our understanding of the Earth and the planets. These developments include:
• the emergence of mantle seismic tomography which bus given us window into the mantle and a direct view of mantle convection
• progress in measuring the thermal, mechanical, and rheological properties of Earth materials in the laboratory
• dramatic improvements in computational power that have made possible the construction of realistic
numerical models of mantle convection in three-dimensional spherical geometry
• spacecraft missions to Venus (Magellan), the Moon (Clementine and Lunar Prospector), Mars (Mars Global Surveyor), and the Galilean moons of Jupiter (Galileo) that have enormously increased our knowledge of these planets and satellites. MANTLE CONVECTION IN THE EARTH AND PLANETS is suitable as a text for graduate courses in geophysics and planetary physics, and as a supplementary reference for use at the undergraduate level. It is also an invaluable review for researchers in the broad fields of the Earth and planetary sciences including seismologists, tectonophysicists, geodesists, mineral physicists, volcanologists, geochemists, geologists, mineralogists, petrologists, paleomagnetists, planetary geologists, and meteoriticists. The book features a comprehensive index, an extensive reference list, numerous illustrations (many in color) and major questions that focus the discussion and suggest avenues of future research.