Adaptationism and Optimality (Broché)

Steven Hecht Orzack, Elliott Sober

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  • Cambridge University Press

  • Paru le : 01/01/2001
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The debate over the relative importance of natural selection as compared to other forces affecting the evolution of organisms is a long-standing and central controversy in evolutionary biology. Adaptionism is the view that natural selection is so important and nonselective forces so unimportant, that accurate explanations and predictions of the phenotypes of organisms can be obtained by simplified models in which selection Is represented and nonselective forces are ignored. Adaptationists and their critics disagree about this proposition concerning tire history of life, and they also disagree about the methodologies that are needed to address this biological question. Many questions remain unresolved, and the terms of the debate are still sometimes unclear. Adaptationism and optimality presents an up-to-date view of this controversy and reflects the dramatic changes in our understanding of evolution that have occurred in the past 20 years. The volume combines contributions from biologists and philosophers and offers a systematic treatment of foundational, conceptual and methodological issues. The essays examine recent developments in topics such as phylogenetic an analysis, the theory of optimality and ESS models, and the methodology of hypothesis testing in evolutionary biology. The contributors disagreement on fundamental aspects of this subject represents the diversity of opinion that makes this controversy so highly charged. These essays are intended to provide useful advice to "biologists in the trenches" but also to assess the larger theoretical and conceptual issues that form the basis of the current controversy.
    • A Likelihood Framework for the Phylogenetic Analysis of Adaptation
    • Adaptation, Phylogenetic Inertia, and the Method of Controlled Comparisons
    • Optimality and Phylogeny: A Critique of Current Thought
    • Fit of Form and Function, Diversity of Life, and Procession of Life as an Evolutionary Game
    • Optimality and Evolutionary Stability under Short-Term and Long-Term Selection
    • Selective Regime and Fig Wasp Sex Ratios: Toward Sorting Rigor from Pseudo-Rigor in Tests of Adaptation
    • Is Optimality Over the Hill? The Fitness Landscapes of Idealized Organisms
    • Adaptation, Optimality, and the Meaning of Phenotypic Variation in Natural Populations
    • Adaptanionism, Optimality Models, and Tests of Adaptive Scenarios
    • Adaptation and Development : On the Lack of Common Ground
    • Three Kinds of Adaptationism
    • Adaptation, Adaptationism, and Optimality.
  • Date de parution : 01/01/2001
  • Editeur : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN : 0-521-59836-2
  • EAN : 9780521598361
  • Présentation : Broché
  • Nb. de pages : 404 pages
  • Poids : 0.555 Kg
  • Dimensions : 15,4 cm × 22,8 cm × 2,4 cm

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