SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY IN CONTEMPORARY JAPAN (Broché)

Shigeru Nakayama, Morris Low, Hitoshi Yoshioka

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  • Cambridge University Press

  • Paru le : 01/01/1999
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More than ever before Japan is committed to becoming a science and technology-oriented nation. With the challenge of the Asian economic crisis in the late 1 990s, there is pressure on the Japanese economy to change. Japan continues to turn to science and technology to safeguard its future, but there is more than one path to follow. A team of three leading scholars in the field explore the dynamic relationship between science, technology and Japanese society, examining how it has contributed to economic growth and the well-being of the Japanese people. They ask if there is anything distinctively Japanese about Japanese science, in terms of both its development and application. This book presents a synthesis of recent debates by juxtaposing competing views about the role and direction of science, technology and medical care in Japan. Much of the book looks at government policy, the role of the private sector, and the response of concerned citizens. Other topics discussed include computers and communication, quality control and the automobile industry, the aerospace industry, the environment, consumer electronics, changes in medical care, and the role of gender. Part I explores the features of the Japanese model of research and development. It differentiates between basic and applied research and considers the question of cooperation versus competition in national R&D projects. Part 2 focuses on the relevance of science and technology to economic growth, and Part 3 examines the impact of globalisation on the flow of science and technology in and out of Japan. Part 4 critiques the concept of 'national interest', arguing that supposed national goals are often determined by powerful institutional or corporate groups with particular vested interests. This book is an ideal introductory text for students in the sociology of science and technology, the history and philosophy of science, and Japanese studies. Up-to-date research and contemporary case studies make this an invaluable resource for readers interested in the nature of science and technology in the twenty-first century.
  • THE JAPANESE MODEL OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
    • Basic versus Applied Research: The Role of Corporate Laboratories and Universities
    • Cooperation versus Competition: National Projects and Japan's Science Cities
  • SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH
    • Quality versus Quantity: Quality Control and the Automobile Industry
    • Technology versus Commercial Feasibility: Nuclear Power and Electric Utilities
    • Consumerism and Development versus the Environment
  • THE INTERNATIONAL DIMENSION
    • Domestic Development versus Importation of Technology: The Aerospace Industry and the FS-X/F-2 Fighter Plane Controversy
    • Domestic Technology versus the Export of Technology
    • SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FOR THE PEOPLE? Information Society versus Controlled Society
    • Science, Technology and Gender
    • National Interest versus Local Interests: Civil Aviation and the Construction of Narita Airport
    • The Patient versus the Doctor: Changes in Medical Care and Attitudes to the Body.
  • Date de parution : 01/01/1999
  • Editeur : Cambridge University Press
  • ISBN : 0-521-65425-4
  • EAN : 9780521654258
  • Présentation : Broché
  • Nb. de pages : 226 pages
  • Poids : 0.445 Kg
  • Dimensions : 15,2 cm × 22,8 cm × 1,6 cm
Morris Low has taught at Monash University, the Australian National University, and is currently a senior lecturer at the University of Queensland. His other works include the recently completed The Historical Dictionary of Japanese Science and Technology (forthcoming), as well as special issues of the journals Osiris and History and Anthropology. Shigeru Nakayama taught at the University of Tokyo before becoming Professor at Kanagawa University. A leading historian of Japanese science, his previous publications include Science, Technology and Society in Postwar Japan (1991). Hitoshi Yoshioka has taught at Wakayama University and is currently Professor at Kyushu University. He has published extensively in Japanese, including The Social History of Atomic Energy (1999). This is his first book in English.

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SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIETY IN CONTEMPORARY JAPAN
22,40 €
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