This manual provides a comprehensive approach to procedures and techniques used in the collection and preparation of palaeobiological materials. Procedures used in both the field and laboratory by professional and amateur for research or aesthetic display are detailed. The manual is divided into three sections. An introductory section outlines the scope of practical procedures, and the importance of documentation within the laboratory. The second section covers techniques primarily, although not exclusively, used in the field. The third section, the bulk of the manual, details the physical (mechanical) and chemical procedures used in the preparation, conservation and preservation of palaeobiological materials. Concluding chapters cover preliminary analytical procedures, and the preparation of specimens for display. This manual will assist all those concerned with the preparation, display and documentation of palaeontological specimens and the teaching and understanding of practical techniques.